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Updates? By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. It was chosen as the capital of the Maghrib by the first Aghlabid ruler about 800. KAIROUAN (Qairuwān) Tunisian town situated 77 mi. Prime religious building is the Great Mosque, which is nearly 13 centuries old (though it has been almost destroyed and rebuilt at least twice). ), http://books.google.com/books?id=f6xyAAAAMAAJ, "Location and origin of the name of Kairouan", http://www.isesco.org.ma/english/capitalsIslamic/2009/kairouan2009/p2.php, http://books.google.com/books?id=pP315Mw3S9EC&pg=PA150, Towards a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations, "Tunisia News – Sufi Song Festival starts in Kairouan", http://news.marweb.com/tunisia/entertainment/sufi-song-festival-kairouan.txt, http://www.kairouan.org/en/decouverte/Histoiredekairouan/lagrandemosquee.htm, "Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara mediterranean heritage)", http://www.qantara-med.org/qantara4/public/index.php, http://books.google.fr/books?id=IaM9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA104&dq=kairouan+mosque+the+ancestor+of&cd=1#v=onepage&q=kairouan%20mosque%20the%20ancestor%20of&f=false, Mausoleum of Sidi Sahbi (Qantara Mediterranean heritage), Panoramic virtual tour of Kairouan medina, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kairouan&oldid=498811746, Populated places established in the 7th century, two large water reservoirs called "Aghlabid basins". Away from the coast, in a landscape of steppes, Kairouan is a fascinating city still anchored in a distant past.  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more. ○   Anagrams The Maliki school of Islam emerged there, as clerics challenged the personal and political excesses of the Aghlabid emirs. Change the target language to find translations. A road and railway link it with Sousse (Sūsah), 38 miles (61 km) to the east. Architectural and historical jewels like this are relatively unknown in the West, so we want to share it with everyone. It is an old city and its fortified wall structure proves this. Pop: 124 000 (2005 est) Collins English Dictionary. On Some Manuscripts in the Libraries of Kairouan and Tunis by: Schacht, J. Façade of the Mosque of the Three Gates with its minaret. Carpets are graded by their fineness, the number of knots in a square metre, with a normal weave from 10,000 to 40,000, fine weave from 65,000-90,000 and extra fine from 160,000 - 500,000. The old city of Kairouan was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988. English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID). Full description. Tourism has also begun to make an impact, notably fueling the conservation of the old city and the development of the town’s Musée d’Art Islamique. Kairouan is the fourth most holy city of the Muslim faith and as such a major destination for pilgrimage, The history and Mosques in the city and the long history of Kairouan have seen it become a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر ‎), also known as the Mosque of Uqba (جامع عقبة بن نافع), is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.. This was originally a paper submitted to the African Union (AU) Experts’ Meeting on a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations. Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Kairouan is defined as the holiest city of Tunisia, being the oldest Islamic settlement, having the oldest mosque in North Africa and the world’s oldest minaret.. A city in northeastern Tunisia; population 117,900 (est. Pop. Referred to as the Islamic Cultural Capital, it is a UNESCO World Heritage site . Company Information Published: (1996) The town served as the camp from which the offensive was launched that resulted in the Islamic political and religious subjugation of the Maghrib (northwest Africa). Kairouan - carte de la modification mineure des limites approuvée: 1988 Detail from: “Medina de Kairouan”, blueline print, French and Arabic, scale 1:50,000, 70 x 70 cm. Kairouan definition, a city in NE Tunisia: a holy city of Islam. Mosque of Ansar, dating, according to the tradition, to 667 but totally renewed in 1650. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Tunis, Kairouan & Carthage by Graham Petrie, 1908, W. Heinemann edition, in English Site of Carthage, Coordinates: 35°40′N 10°06′E / 35.667°N 10.1°E / 35.667; 10.1, This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Published: (1967) THE MEANING OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA IN THE TENTH CENTURY by: Khoury, Nuha N.N. We are proud to add one of the most important monuments of Islam and Africa to our ever-growing collection. Welcome to Tunisia! English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). KAIROUAN. Kairouan synonyms, Kairouan pronunciation, Kairouan translation, English dictionary definition of Kairouan. or n a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Founded in 670, Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century. Get XML access to reach the best products. Description English: Interior view of the portico located on the western side of the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, in Tunisia. The Great Mosque of Kairouan . Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. It also served as the site of a famous medical research centre for both Jews and Muslims in the medieval period. Kairouan grew in size and beauty and no where was this more evident than in the construction and continuing elaboration of its Great Mosque. Modern Kairouan trades in grain and livestock that are raised in the surrounding region, and it is an important carpet and handicrafts centre. Decisions; 2010 Application de livraison a domicile pour le restaurant Delice Food Kairouan Tunisie It is reputed that seven visits here are the equivilent of one to Mecca. Subsequently, the town served (with Mahdia [Al-Mahdiyyah]) as the political centre through the Fāṭimid and Zīrid dynasties into the 11th century, becoming one of the great administrative, commercial, religious, and intellectual centres of Islam. One of Islam’s holy cities, it was the first capital of the Maghreb. All rights reserved. Contact Us Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. Kairouan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,942 reviews of Kairouan Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kairouan resource. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). AU Headquarters, Addis Ababa, 11–12 May 2004, an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc. The mosque has great importance historically because it is the first mosque in the first Muslim town in the West. (French kɛrwɑ̃), Kairwan or Qairwan (kaɪəˈwɑːn ) noun. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. It is the site of some of the earliest mosques, and became a center of Islamic law. Tradition holds that the town was founded in 670 by ʿUqbah ibn Nāfiʿ (Sīdī ʿUqbah), a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, on the site of the Byzantine fortress of Kamouinia. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر‎) is situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia. Considered the fourth-holiest site in Islam because of the presence of the Great Mosque (the oldest in North Africa), it feels worlds away … Explore the city and learn firsthand about the history of the first Muslim metropolis in the Maghreb. Kairouan is a city in Tunisia. Europa Publications Limited (30 October 2003). (125 km.) Eco, Cookies help us deliver our services. For about four centuries it was the government center and the capital of the *Aghlabids, the *Fatimids (until 969), and the *Zirid emirs, and the meeting place of commerce of East and West. Despite the transfer of the political capital to Tunis in the 12th century AD, Kairouan remained the Maghreb's principal holy city.Its rich architectural heritage includes the Great Mosque, with its marble and porphyry columns, and the 9th-century Mosque of the Three Gates. As a result of Bedouin incursions in the 11th century, the decline of steppe cultivation in favour of nomadic life, and the rise of Tunis as capital, Kairouan declined into an isolated market town for nomads. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. Introduction Edit. Founded in 670, Kairouan in present-day Tunisia flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century AD. Kairouan in British English. Choose the design that fits your site. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Arabic القيروان (also known as Kairwan, Kayrawan, Al Qayrawan) is a Muslim holy city which ranks fourth after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.  |  Each square carries a letter. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Kairouan. It is th religious hart of Tunisia, with over 100 mosques. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! Pop: 124 000 n. a city in NE Tunisia: a holy city of Islam. 2004). Despite the transfer of the political capital to Tunis in the 12th century, Kairouan remained the Maghreb's principal holy city. All Free. ○   Wildcard, crossword Originally built by Sīdī ʿUqbah in the 7th century, the present mosque is the fifth mosque built on the site and dates from Aghlabid times. ○   Lettris Kairouan’s rampart-enclosed medina (75 acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. Kairouan (Arabic: القيروان ‎ Al Qairawān), also known as Kirwan or al-Qayrawan, is the capital of the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisia.  |  But there is more to the story: In 670, the general of the invading Arab forces, Oqba bin Nafi, found a golden cup in the sands here, a golden cup that he had lost in the holy well of Zamzam in Mecca a few years earlier. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

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